What are the 5 phases in the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)?
1. Planning and analysis
This phase is the most fundamental in the . Business requirements are compiled and analyzed by a business analyst, domain expert, and project manager. The business analyst interacts with stakeholders to develop the . They also write use cases and share this information with the project team. The aim of the requirements analysis is for quality assurance, technical feasibility, and to identify potential risks to address in order for the software to succeed.
2. Designing the product architecture
During the design phase, lead developers and technical architects create the initial high-level design plan for the software and system. This includes the delivery of requirements used to create the . This document details database tables to be added, new transactions to be defined, security processes, as well as hardware and system requirements.
3. Developing and coding
In this phase, the database admin creates and imports the necessary data into the database. are defined by requirements. Developers create the interface as per the coding guidelines and conduct unit testing. This is an important phase for developers. They need to be open-minded and flexible if any changes are introduced by the business analyst.
Testers test the software against the requirements to make sure that the software is solving the needs addressed and outlined during the planning phase. All tests are conducted as functional testing, including unit testing, integration testing, system testing, acceptance testing, and non-functional testing.
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