Of the 10 lakh cases of cancer detected in India every year, around 2 lakh are cancers of the â€˜head and neckâ€™ category.
Head and neck cancer is caused by tobacco use, use of both smoke & smokeless tobacco, and over-consumption of alcohol. Other risk factors include infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) and overexposure to sun-rays.
The symptoms of head and neck cancer include red or white patches on the gums, breathing difficulties, pain while swallowing, lump or sore that doesnâ€™t heal, unexplained change-invoice, fatigue, unexplained weight-loss or pain in the face. Tests such as biopsy, endoscopy, X-ray, CT-scan, Ultrasound, and PET-CT scan are recommended to diagnose head-and-neck cancer.
The treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and a combination of these and depend on the tumor location, cancer stage, personâ€™s age, and general health condition.
Read More: https://www.mgcancerhospital.com/all-about-head-and-neck-cancers/